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11.20: Lesson Twenty

Created by: CK-12

Summary of Final <e> Deletion

1. Earlier you worked with the deleting final <e>'s in stems that end <ee>, <ie>, or <oe>:

a. We do not delete final <e> in stems that end <oe> when we add suffixes that start with an <\mathrm{i}>: toe + ing = toeing, not ^*toing.

b. We do not delete final <e> in stems that end <ee> when we add suffixes that don't start with an <e>: see + ing = seeing, not ^*seing.

c. We delete the final <e>and also change the <\mathrm{i}> to <y> in stems that end <ie> when we add suffixes that start with <\mathrm{i}>: lie + ing = l\cancel{i}\cancel{e} + y + ing = lying.

2. Here is the Final <e> Deletion Rule as we have finally worked it out:

You delete a final <e> that marks a soft <c> or soft <g> only when you add a suffix that begins with the letters <e>, \underline{<i>} , or <y> ; and except for a few words with stems that end <ee>, <ie>, or <oe>, you delete all other silent final <e>'s whenever you add a suffix that starts with any vowel.

3. Here are some stems and suffixes that give you a chance to practice the Final <e> Deletion Rule. Add the suffixes to the stems, and be sure that you show any final <e> deletions that take place. In the Word column write the word you form. In the Final <e>column write the number from the list below that best describes what the final <e> is doing in the stem:

  1. Marking or helping spell a long vowel
  2. Marking a soft <c> or <g>
  3. Marking a voiced <th>,
  4. Insulating an <\mathrm{s}> , <z>, <\mathrm{u}>, or <v>
  5. Filling out a VCle pattern
  6. A fossil
Stem + Suffix = Word Final <e>
rhym\cancel{e} + ed = rhymed 1
fertil\cancel{e} + ize = fertilize 6
referee + ing = refereeing 1
surviv\cancel{e} + al = survival 1
angle + s = angles 6
cyclone + s = cyclones 1
disagre\cancel{e} + ed = disagreed 1
terrac\cancel{e} + ing = terracing 2
marriage + able = marriageable 2
fortun\cancel{e} + ate = fortunate 6
breatl\cancel{e} + ing = breathing 3
wrinkl\cancel{e} + ed = wrinkled 6
exposure + s = exposures 6
vague + ly = vaguely 4
rescu\cancel{e} + er = rescuer 4, (1)
chocolat\cancel{e} + y = chocolaty 6
are + n't = aren't 6
lov\cancel{e} + able = lovable 4
concrete + ly = concretely 1
medicine + s = medicines 6
canoe + ist = canoeist 1
big-leagu\cancel{e} + er = big-leaguer 4
immun\cancel{e} + ity = immunity 1
horsesho\cancel{e} + er = horseshoer 1
issu\cancel{e} + ed = issued 4,(1)
wrestl\cancel{e} + ing = wrestling 6
analyz\cancel{e} + ed = analyzed 1
influenc\cancel{e} + ing = influencing 2
collaps\cancel{e} + ed = collapsed 2
irrigat\cancel{e} + ion = irrigation 1
write + s = writes 1
carriage + s = carriages 2
catalogu\cancel{e} + er = cataloguer 4
pirate + s = pirates 6

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. It may help the students if you point out to them that all they have to do is keep those few stems that end <ee>, <ie>, or <oe> in mind - and that isn't too hard since if they try deleting the final <e> in words like toeing and seeing and forseeable, they end up with such funny-looking spellings that they would probably notice them anyhow.

Item 3. Students may want to claim that the final <e>, in the stems rescue and issue is marking a long vowel. The argument against this claim is that in English final vowel letters tend to spell long sounds: be, ski, go, do, etc. There are few words that end in <\mathrm{u}> in English, only fairly recent and un integrated adoptions such as gnu, zebu, tabu, fondu, and in all of these the final <\mathrm{u}> spells a long <\mathrm{u}> or <oo> without need for a final <e>. In spite of that, though, I would incline towards allowing any students' claim for putting a 1 in those words - and rewarding them for their insight and good ear.

The <le> at the end of stems is usually pronounced [əl] or [^{É™}\mathrm{l}]. It is as if the letters and sounds have been reversed. But it seems better to treat the <l> in such stems as the syllabic <l> that can represent a syllable even without a separate vowel letter, thus making the final <e> a redundant fossil. For more on the <le> ending, see AES, pp. 149-51.

Catalogue has the variant spelling catalog, without the final <e>, as do monolog(ue), dialog(ue), and all words ending in the bound base -log(ue), “speech, discourse.”

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1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

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Feb 23, 2012

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Apr 29, 2014
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CK.ENG.ENG.TE.1.Basic-Speller.11.20

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