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11.23: Lesson Twenty-three

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Sometimes [l] is <l>, Sometimes <ll>

1. Underline the letters that spell [l] in the following words:

& \text{fina\underline{ll}y} && \text{co\underline{ll}ie} && \text{tai\underline{ll}ight} && \text{do\underline{ll}ar} \\& \text{cathedra\underline{l}} && \text{co\underline{ll}apse} && \text{a\underline{ll}egiance} && \text{abi\underline{l}ity} \\& \text{respectfu\underline{ll}y } && \text{a\underline{ll}ies} && \text{annua\underline{ll}y} && \text{sha\underline{ll}owness} \\& \text{jewe\underline{ll}ike} && \text{fo\underline{ll}owers} && \text{co\underline{ll}ege} && \text{i\underline{ll}ogically} \\& \text{ba\underline{ll}ads} && \text{i\underline{ll}ustration} && \text{\underline{l}ieutenant} && \text{co\underline{ll}eague}

2. Sort these twenty words into these two groups:

Words in which [l] is spelled ...
<l> <ll>
cathedral finally allies college
lieutenant respectfully followers dollar
ability jewellike illustration shallowness
ballads taillight illogically
collie allegiance colleague
collapse annually

3. Seven of the seventeen words with [I] spelled <ll> have the <ll> in them because of assimilation in the prefix: In three of them the <m> in com- has changed to an <l>. In two the <d> in ad- has changed to an <l>. In two the <n> in in- has changed to an <l>. Find these seven words and sort them into these three groups:

Words with ...
ad- assimilated to al- com- assimilated to col- in- assimilated to il-
allies collapse illustration
allegiance college illogically

4. Sometimes when you add a suffix that starts with <l> to a stem that ends in <l>, you get <ll> because of simple addition: heel + less = heelless. Four of the sixteen words that contain <ll> have two <l>'s because in them a suffix that starts with an <l> has been added to a stem that ends with <l>. Find the four and sort them into these two groups:

Words with the suffix...
-like -ly
jewellike finally

5. Among the words with [l] spelled <ll> there is one compound word in which the <ll>is due to simple addition. That word is taillight

6. There are also five words with [l] spelled <ll> because of the VCC pattern at work. The four are:

& ballads && collie && followers && dollar && shallowness

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Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Last Modified:

Apr 29, 2014
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