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# 12.18: Lesson Forty-two

Created by: CK-12

1. You’ve seen that in a very few words [g] is spelled <gh>. But <gh> is not always pronounced [g]: Sometimes it is pronounced [f], and sometimes it is not pronounced at all. Carefully read the following words with <gh>. Be sure you know how each one is pronounced. Mark each word to show what the <gh> spells as we have done with ghastly, freight , and toughness. Use the zero sign, $[\varnothing]$, if the <gh> is not pronounced at all.

$& \text{ghastly} && \text{ghosts} && \text{roughen} && \text{ghoulish} && \text{eighth} && \text{overweight}\\& [\text{g}] && [\text{g}] && \quad \ [\text{f}] && [\text{g}] && \quad [\varnothing] && \qquad \quad [\varnothing]\\\\& \text{freight} && \text{coughed} && \text{neighbor} && \text{tightest} && \text{delightful} && \text{ghetto}\\& \quad \ [\varnothing] && \quad \ [\text{f}] && \quad \ [\varnothing] && \ [\varnothing] && \quad \ [\varnothing] && [\text{g}]\\\\& \text{toughness} && \text{enough} && \text{although} && \text{laughter} && \text{knight} && \text{height}\\& \quad \ [\text{f}] && \qquad [\text{f}] && \qquad \quad [\varnothing] && \quad \ [\text{f}] && \quad \ [\varnothing] && \quad \ [\varnothing]$

2. Sort the words into this matrix:

Words in which <gh> spells . . .
[g] [f] $[\varnothing]$
Words in which <gh> is at the front of the element

ghastly

ghosts

ghoulish

ghetto

Words in which <gh> is at the end of the element with a short vowel in front of it

coughed

toughness

roughen

enough

laughter

Words in which <gh> is either in the mddle of the element or has a long vowel in front of it

freight

neighbor

tightest

although

eighth

delightful

knight

overweight

height

3. When <gh> comes at the beginning of an element, how is it pronounced? [g] . When <gh> spells the sound [f], is it at the front, middle, or end of the element it is in? end. When <gh> spells the sound [f], does it have a short vowel in front of it, or a long vowel? short If there is a long vowel sound right in front of <gh>, is it pronounced or not pronounced? not pronounced

Word Find. This Find contains at least twenty-three words that contain the spelling <gh>. As you find them sort them into the groups described below:

Words in which <gh> spells . . .
[g] [g] $[\varnothing]$ $[\varnothing]$ [f]
spaghetti ghosts delightful eight laughing
gherkin ghastly tightest neighbor toughness
ghetto ghoulish freight brightening roughen
aghast overweight right coughed
heighth trough
rough
enough

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. The history behind <gh> is summarized in the teaching notes to Book 5, Lesson 8.

## Categories:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

## Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Apr 29, 2014
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