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12.22: Review of [g], [l], and [r]

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Review of [g], [l], and [r]

1. Underline the letters that spell [g], [l], and [r]:


2. Sort the words into these groups:

Words with [g] spelled . . .
<g> <gg> Other
alligators shrugged auxiliary
galleries struggling exactly
irregular waterlogged spaghetti
plague wriggling ghostly
prologue guarantee
Words with [l] spelled . . .
<l> <ll> Other
arrival plague alligators aisle
auxiliary prologue galleries island
exactly stuggling illustrate
ghostly waterlogged
irregular illustrate
Words with [r] spelled . . .
<r> <rr> Other
alligators mortgage arrival rhubarb
auxiliary referred interrupt unrhymed
galleries rhubarb irregular wriggling
guarantee shrugged mirror wrist
illustrate struggling referred
irregular waterlogged

3. The two words with <gg> due to twinning:


4. The two words with <gg> in the VCCle pattern:


5. The word with <ll> due to assimilation:


6. The word with <rr> due to the VCC pattern:


7. The word with <rr> due to simple addition:


8. The two words with <rr> due to assimilation:


Teaching Notes.

Item 1. Students may be puzzled that [g] is said to be spelled <g> in prologue, but <gu> in guarantee. The rationale is that in words like prologue the <u> is insulating the <g> from the <e> and so is not part of the actual spelling, just as silent final <e> is a diacritic marking, say, long vowels but is not part of the actual spelling of the vowel sound.However, in guarantee the <u> has no insulating function, nor any other function for that matter. It is simply a fossil, a reminder of earlier spellings spelled <gu> and pronounced [gw] (as is true today of most words with initial <gua>.) And so we include it as part of the spelling of the [g].

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Date Created:
Feb 23, 2012
Last Modified:
Jul 07, 2015
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