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# 12.23: Review of Word Analysis and of < i > Before < e >

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Review of Word Analysis and of <l> Before <E>

1. Analyze the following into their prefixes, bases, and suffixes:

Word = Analysis
decongestant = de + com\begin{align*}\cancel{m}\end{align*} + n + gest + ant
infections = in + fect + ion + s
digestion = dis\begin{align*}\cancel{s}\end{align*} + gest + ion
excessive = ex + cess + ive
effectiveness = ex\begin{align*}\cancel{x}\end{align*} + f + fect + ive + ness
interview = inter + view
massive = mass + ive
dimension = dis\begin{align*}\cancel{s}\end{align*} + mense\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ion
surprising = sur + prise\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ing
director = dis\begin{align*}\cancel{s}\end{align*} + rect + or
interrupted = inter + rupt + ed
dividing = dis\begin{align*}\cancel{s}\end{align*} + vide\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ing
unsuspectingly = un + sub\begin{align*}\cancel{b}\end{align*} + spect + ing + ly
survival = sur + vive\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + al
perspective = per + spect + ive
interpret = inter + pret
unattractively = un + ad\begin{align*}\cancel{d}\end{align*} + t + tract + ive + ly
synchronize = syn + chron + ize
interestingly = inter + est + ing + ly
surrounded = sur + round + ed
disrupted = dis + rupt + ed
surveillance = sur + veill + ance

2. Underline the <ie> and <ei> spellings:

bel\underline{ie}vecalor\underline{ie}coll\underline{ie}f\underline{ie}ldf\underline{ie}ryfinanc\underline{ie}rgr\underline{ie}fhyg\underline{ie}nel\underline{ie}magp\underline{ie}mov\underline{ie}sn\underline{ie}ceprair\underline{ie}pr\underline{ie}strel\underline{ie}fshr\underline{ie}kth\underline{ie}ft\underline{ie}y\underline{ie}ldingconc\underline{ei}tdec\underline{ei}ving\underline{ei}ght\underline{ei}therpolterg\underline{ei}stfr\underline{ei}ghth\underline{ei}ghtkal\underline{ei}doscopel\underline{ei}suren\underline{ei}therprot\underline{ei}nrec\underline{ei}ptrec\underline{ei}ver\underline{ei}ndeers\underline{ei}smics\underline{ei}zesl\underline{ei}ghsl\underline{ei}ghtv\underline{ei}lv\underline{ei}nw\underline{ei}rd\begin{align*}& \text{bel\underline{ie}ve} && \text{l\underline{ie}} && \text{th\underline{ie}f} && \text{fr\underline{ei}ght} && \text{r\underline{ei}ndeer}\\ & \text{calor\underline{ie}} && \text{magp\underline{ie}} && \text{t\underline{ie}} && \text{h\underline{ei}ght} && \text{s\underline{ei}smic}\\ & \text{coll\underline{ie}} && \text{mov\underline{ie}s} && \text{y\underline{ie}lding} && \text{kal\underline{ei}doscope} && \text{s\underline{ei}ze}\\ & \text{f\underline{ie}ld} && \text{n\underline{ie}ce} && \text{conc\underline{ei}t} && \text{l\underline{ei}sure} && \text{sl\underline{ei}gh}\\ & \text{f\underline{ie}ry} && \text{prair\underline{ie}} && \text{dec\underline{ei}ving} && \text{n\underline{ei}ther} && \text{sl\underline{ei}ght}\\ & \text{financ\underline{ie}r} && \text{pr\underline{ie}st} && \text{\underline{ei}ght} && \text{prot\underline{ei}n} && \text{v\underline{ei}l}\\ & \text{gr\underline{ie}f} && \text{rel\underline{ie}f} && \text{\underline{ei}ther} && \text{rec\underline{ei}pt} && \text{v\underline{ei}n}\\ & \text{hyg\underline{ie}ne} && \text{shr\underline{ie}k} && \text{polterg\underline{ei}st} && \text{rec\underline{ei}ve} && \text{w\underline{ei}rd}\end{align*}

3. Sort the words with <ie> into this matrix:

Words in which the <ie> is . . .
an instance of the <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*} before <e> rule: a holdout to the <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*} before <e> rule:
Words in which the <ie> spells long <e>

believe

calorie

collie

field

grief

hygiene

movies

niece

prairie

priest

relief

shriek

thief

yielding

financier
Words in which the <ie> spells long <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*}

lie

magpie

tie

fiery

4. Sort the words with <ei> into this matrix:

Words in which the <ei> is . . . Words in which the <ei> is . . .
an instance of the <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*} before <e> rule: a holdout to the <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*} before <e> rule:
Words in which the <ei> spells long <a>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{a}>\end{align*}

eight

freight

reindeer

sleigh

veil

vein

Words in which the <ei> spells long <e>

conceit

deceiving

receipt

leisure

protein

seize

weird

Words in which the <ei> spells long <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*}

either

poltegeist

height

kaleidoscope

neither

seismic

sleight

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. Four words in this table contain the prefix sur- “over,above,inaddition”:surprising, survival, surrounded, surveillance . Some students may want to treat the <sur> in surrounded as an assimilated sub-. I believe I would not call them wrong: The contribution of the prefix to the meaning of the word is somewhat distant at best. The other three have to be treated as sur- rather than an assimilated sub- because their stems do not start with letters or sounds that would induce assimilation of the <b>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{b}>\end{align*} to <r>.

Item 4. We sort either and neither as instances, with <ei> spelling [i¯][\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{i}}][\end{align*}. For folks who pronounce these two with [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} rather than [i¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{i}}]\end{align*}, they would have to be sorted as holdouts with <ei> spelling [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} with no preceding <c>. We sort leisure as a holdout with <ei> spelling [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*}. For folks who pronounce leisure with short rather than long <e>, there is no place in the matrix to put it, so it would be left out.

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