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# 12.4: How Do You Spell Long < e >?

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## How Do You Spell Long <e>,

How Do You Spell Long <e>, [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*}?

1. The most important spelling of [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} is <e>, almost always in the long patterns VCV and V.V. Underline the <e>'s that spell [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} in each of the following words:

ar\underline{e}aall\underline{e}gianceob\underline{e}diencecompl\underline{e}tecr\underline{e}ateconcr\underline{e}tem\underline{e}diumg\underline{e}nius\underline{e}vilid\underline{e}al\underline{e}gals\underline{e}nioringr\underline{e}dienthy\underline{e}nainterv\underline{e}ner\underline{e}arrangedrh\underline{e}ostatth\underline{e}aterv\underline{e}hicler\underline{e}alizer\underline{e}gion\underline{e}veningprec\underline{e}deencyclop\underline{e}diainterf\underline{e}resupr\underline{e}meser\underline{e}necourt\underline{e}ousr\underline{e}alityinterm\underline{e}diate\begin{align*}& \text{ar\underline{e}a} && \text{m\underline{e}dium} && \text{ingr\underline{e}dient} && \text{v\underline{e}hicle} && \text{interf\underline{e}re}\\ & \text{all\underline{e}giance} && \text{g\underline{e}nius} && \text{hy\underline{e}na} && \text{r\underline{e}alize} && \text{supr\underline{e}me}\\ & \text{ob\underline{e}dience} && \text{\underline{e}vil} && \text{interv\underline{e}ne} && \text{r\underline{e}gion} && \text{ser\underline{e}ne}\\ & \text{compl\underline{e}te} && \text{id\underline{e}a} && \text{r\underline{e}arranged} && \text{\underline{e}vening} && \text{court\underline{e}ous}\\ & \text{cr\underline{e}ate} && \text{l\underline{e}gal} && \text{rh\underline{e}ostat} && \text{prec\underline{e}de} && \text{r\underline{e}ality}\\ & \text{concr\underline{e}te} && \text{s\underline{e}nior} && \text{th\underline{e}ater} && \text{encyclop\underline{e}dia} && \text{interm\underline{e}diate}\end{align*}

2. Sort the thirty words into the following two groups:

Words with
V.V VCV
area courteous allegiance legal evening
create reality obedience senior precede
idea complete ingredient encyclopedia
rearranged concrete hyena interfere
rheostat medium intervene supreme
theater genius vehicle serence
realize intermediate region evil

3. The <e> spelling of [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} occasionally occurs in two patterns other than the very common VCV and V.V. Mark the <e> spellings of [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} as we have done with maybe, vehicle, secret, and theater. Watch for the patterns in maybe and secret:

maybev#vehicle vcvcourteousv.vcathedralvcrvsecret vcrvtheaterv.vcatastrophev#she v#anemonev#acnev#simile v#allegiancevcvlegal vcvrecipev#egretvcrvinebriatedvcrv\begin{align*}& \text{maybe} && \text{secret} && \text{anemone} && \text{legal} \\ & \qquad v\# && \ vcrv && \qquad \quad v\# && \ vcv\\ \\ & \text{vehicle} && \text{theater} && \text{acne} && \text{recipe} \\ & \ vcv && \quad v.v && \quad v\# && \qquad v\#\\ \\ & \text{courteous} && \text{catastrophe} && \text{simile} && \text{egret} \\ & \qquad \quad v.v && \qquad \quad v\# && \qquad \ v\# && vcrv\\ \\ & \text{cathedral} && \text{she} && \text{allegiance} && \text{inebriated} \\ & \qquad vcrv && \ v\# && \quad vcv && \quad vcrv\end{align*}

4. You should have found four words with [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} spelled <e> in one pattern other than VCV or V.V, and you should have found seven words with [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} spelled <e> in another pattern other than VCV or V.V. In the table below label the two columns with the proper patterns and sort the fourteen words into the two groups:

Words with
VCrV V#
secret maybe she
cathedral catastrophe acne
egret anemone
inebriated simile
recipe

The three words with [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} spelled <e> in the VCV pattern:

legalallegiancevehicle\begin{align*}& \text{legal} && \text{allegiance} &&\text{vehicle}\end{align*}

The two words with [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} spelled <e> in the V.V pattern:

courteoustheater\begin{align*}& \text{courteous} && \text{theater}\end{align*}

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. Several words in this lesson contain a long <e> other than that spelled by the letter <e>. For instance, the <i>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*} in obedience spells an unstressed [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*}, as does that in medium, intermediate, ingredient, and encyclopedia. You may have to point out to the students that the instructions call only for [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*}'s that are spelled <e>.

Vehicle has two pronunciations, one with, one without [h]. In this lesson we assume the pronunciation with [h], thus the VCV pattern. In the pronunciation without [h] the pattern for the <e> would be V.V. Although in the analysis used in this textbook we try to avoid labeling any letter as silent, the <h> in the [h]-less pronunciation of vehicle would appear to be a silent letter.

Item 4. This is the first mention of the two minor patterns VCrV and V# . We have noticed parallels and similarities between [l] and [r], and the VCrV pattern is clearly parallel with the more common and important VCle pattern.

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