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# 13.7: Review of Vowel and Consonant Patterns

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Review of Vowel and Consonant Patterns

1. In each of the following words find the vowel letter marked with a v\begin{align*}‘\mathrm{v}’\end{align*}. Then mark the next two letters – v\begin{align*}‘\mathrm{v}’\end{align*} for a vowel, c\begin{align*}‘\mathrm{c}’\end{align*} for a consonant. If you come to the end of the word before you have marked all three letters, use the tic-tac-toe sign (#) to mark the end of the word:

confessionvccecstasy vcclegal vcvconsistentvccrhythmic  vcctissue vccaccommodatevcvdisagreevv\#mystical  vcccollapsingvcczodiac vcvcanoevv\#judgement vcccourageousvcvrepublicanvccsymbol vccacquiredvcvpicnicvc\#illuminate  vcvexcellingvcccalculatorvcvequip  vc\#acquiescevccmaniacvc\#\begin{align*}& \text{confession} && \text{accommodate} && \text{judgement} && \text{illuminate} \\ & \quad \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcv} \\ & \text{ecstasy} && \text{disagree} && \text{courageous} && \text{excelling} \\ & \ \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vv\#} && \quad \text{vcv} && \quad \text{vcc} \\ & \text{legal} && \text{mystical} && \text{republican} && \text{calculator} \\ & \ \text{vcv} && \ \ \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vcv} \\ & \text{consistent} && \text{collapsing} && \text{symbol} && \text{equip} \\ & \quad \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vc\#} \\ & \text{rhythmic} && \text{zodiac} && \text{acquired} && \text{acquiesce} \\ & \ \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \quad \text{vcv} && \quad \text{vcc} \\ & \text{tissue} && \text{canoe} && \text{picnic} && \text{maniac} \\ & \ \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vv\#} && \quad \text{vc\#} && \quad \text{vc\#}\end{align*}

In the words with the pattern VV# the second vowel is always the same letter. What letter is it? <e>. For that reason we will call this the Ve# pattern.

2. Now sort the twenty-four words into the following matrix:

Words with the pattern ...
VCC VC# VCV Ve#
Words in which the marked vowel is short

confession

judgement

ecstasy

excelling

mystical

republican

consistent

collapsing

symbol

rhythmic

acquiesce

tissue

equip

picnic

maniac

Words in which the marked vowel is long

accommodate

illuminate

courageous

legal

calculator

zodiac

acquired

disagree

canoe

3. A vowel sound will usually be short if it is the first vowel in the patterns__________ or __________. A vowel sound will usually be long if it is the first vowel in the patterns _________ or ____________.

4. Each of the following words contains two vowel letters side by side. Sometimes the two work together to spell a single vowel sound – as in play and gauze. Sometimes they spell two separate vowel sounds – as in diet and fluid.

Put a ‘1’ after words in which the two vowel letters spell a single sound and a ‘2’ after those in which they spell two separate sounds.

recruitassociationentertaincelestialannual12112peacefulobedienceacquaintscientistviolence12122defiantacquiescedisplayedburialidea22122poetryrealizefriendlysuicideundoubted22121\begin{align*}& \text{recruit} && 1 && \text{peaceful} && 1 && \text{defiant} && 2 && \text{poetry} && 2 \\ & \text{association} && 2 && \text{obedience} && 2 && \text{acquiesce} && 2 && \text{realize} && 2\\ & \text{entertain} && 1 && \text{acquaint} && 1 && \text{displayed} && 1 && \text{friendly} && 1\\ & \text{celestial} && 1 && \text{scientist} && 2 && \text{burial} && 2 && \text{suicide} && 2\\ & \text{annual} && 2 && \text{violence} && 2 && \text{idea} && 2 && \text{undoubted} && 1\end{align*}

5. Sort the twenty words into these two groups:

Words in which the two vowel letters spell ...
two separate vowel sounds a single vowel sound
association acquiesce recruit
annual burial entertain
obedience idea celestial
scientist poetry peaceful
violence realize acquaint
defiant suicide displayed
friendly
undoubted

6. In those words in which the two vowel letters spell two separate vowel sounds, is the first vowel sound long or is it short? long

7. V.V. Rule. When two vowel sounds are side by side and spell two separate sounds, the first letter will spell a long vowel sound.

The period in “V.V” is to remind us that there are two separate vowel sounds there.

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. The Ve# pattern is introduced in Book 3, Lesson 16.

Item 2. The VCC and VCV contrast is introduced in Book 1, Lesson 24. The CVC# pattern is introduced in Book 1, Lesson 26.

Item 4. Concerning celestial: Webster’s 3rd\begin{align*}3^\mathrm{rd}\end{align*} Unabridged shows the minor pronunciation [səleste¯\begin{align*}\bar{\mathrm{e}}\end{align*}əl] with two rather than one vowel sounds spelled by <ia>, but most dictionaries show only [səleschəl], which is the one assumed in this table.

Item 5. The V.V pattern is introduced in Book 5, Lesson 7.

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Jul 07, 2015
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