1. You have seen that one suffix -al can be used to make adjectives out of nouns: instruction, a noun, becomes instructional, an adjective. There is another suffix -al that can be used to make nouns out of verbs. A verb is a word that shows action or state of being and that will make sense in a blank like this one:
For example, renew is a verb: They will renew them.
A verb is also a word that changes its form to show changes in time: Tomorrow they will renew them. vs. Yesterday they renewed them.
A noun is a name of a person, place, or thing and will make sense in a blank like this one:
If we add -al to the verb renew, we make renewal, a noun: The renewal seemed okay.
2. Combine the verbs and suffixes below to make new nouns:
3. Which two nouns did you make that had twinning in them?
4. In which two nouns did you have to change a <y> to <i> when you added the suffix?
5. In which six nouns did you have to delete a final <e> when you added the suffix?
5. Proofreading Quiz. There are six misspelled words in the following paragraph. Each misspelling involves a double consonant that is there but shouldn't be, or should be there but isn't. Find the six misspelled words, cross them out, and spell each one correctly above its misspelling:
Our word school comes from an old Greek word that meant “leisure”! That might seem to be a rather odd beginingbeinning for a word that referrsrefers to the place where so many people put in so many hours of work. But the clasicalclassical philosophers preferedpreferred to think of leisure as a time for study and learning. So these words all stemedstemmed from a Greek word that meant “a holding back, a rest, leisure”: school, schooling, schoolhouse; scholar, scholarly, scholarship, scholastic, scholastically. In all of these words that <ch> speling of [k] comes from the Greek letter chi, which is writenwritten written in our alphabet as <ch> pronounced [k].