<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/"> Lesson One | CK-12 Foundation
You are reading an older version of this FlexBook® textbook: Basic Speller Teacher Materials Go to the latest version.

# 3.1: Lesson One

Created by: CK-12

## The Consonant Sounds [m] and [n]

1. You can hear the sound [m] at the end of rum. You can hear the sound [n] at the end of run.

In the words below [m] is spelled <m> or <mm>; [n] is spelled <n>, <nn>, or <kn>. Underline the letters that spell [m] and [n]:

$& \text{smallest} && \text{swi\underline{mm}er} && \text{never} && \text{pla\underline{nn}ing} \\& \text{ru\underline{nn}ing} && \text{e\underline{n}ough} && \text{\underline{m}usic} && \text{dru\underline{mm}ed} \\& \text{do\underline{n}e} && \text{di\underline{nn}er} && \text{\underline{kn}ow} && \text{\underline{m}other} \\& \text{a\underline{n}i\underline{m}al} && \text{su\underline{mm}er} && \text{childre\underline{n}} && \text{ca\underline{nn}ot}$

2. Sort the sixteen words into these two groups:

Words that contain the sound ...
[n] [m]
running smallest
done animal
animal swimmer
enough summer
dinner music
never drummed
know mother
children
planning
cannot

3. Now sort the words that contain [m] into these two groups:

Words in which [m] is spelled ...
<m> <mm>
smallest swimmer
animal summer
music drummed
mother

4. Sort the words that contain [n] into these three groups

Words in which [n] is spelled ...
<n> <nn> <kn>
done running know
animal dinner
enough planning
never cannot
children

5. Two ways to spell [m] are <m> and <mm>.

Three ways to spell [n] are <n>, <nn> and <kn>

Watch the Middles!

children
child ren
child ren
child ren
children
cannot
can not
can not
can not
cannot

Teaching Notes.

Items $3$ and $4$. You might ask the students to find the two words in which the <mm> is due to twinning: swimmer and drummed, and the two with <nn>: running and planning. The one with <nn> due to simple addition is the compound word cannot. Summer and dinner have their double consonants due to the VCC pattern and the short $<\mathrm{u}>$ and $<\mathrm{i}>$.

Watch the Middles. In children the <ren> echoes an old double plural. In some dialects of Old English plurals were formed with an [r] ending, in other dialects with an [n] ending (as in oxen). Apparently speakers of the dialect with [n] didn't recognize the [r]ending as a plural, so they added [n], giving us a double plural. A similar double plural occurs in brethren.

The spellings of [m] and [n] are discussed in more detail in Book Five. For more on [m] and its spellings see AES, $pp.\ 423-29$; for more on [n], pp. 429-35.

## Subjects:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

## Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Apr 29, 2014
You can only attach files to None which belong to you
If you would like to associate files with this None, please make a copy first.