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# 3.2: Lesson Two

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## The Consonant Sound $[\mathfrak{y}]$, Eng

1. You can hear the sound [m] at the end of rum. You can hear the sound [n] at the end of run. At the end of rung you can hear the sound $[\mathfrak{y}]$. The sound $[\mathfrak{y}]$ is called eng.

2. Most of the time $[\mathfrak{y}]$ is spelled <ng>, as in rung. But sometimes $[\mathfrak{y}]$ is spelled <n>.

3 Say the word think. There is a [k] sound right after the $[\mathfrak{y}]$: [thi$\mathfrak{y}$k]. Put an $X$ beside each word that has a [k] right after the $[\mathfrak{y}]$. Counting think, there are three:

$& \text{think} \underline{X} && \text{going} \underline{\;\;\;\;\;\;\;} && \text{thanks} \underline{X} \\& \text{uncle} \underline{X} && \text{along} \underline{\;\;\;\;\;\;\;} && \text{things} \underline{\;\;\;\;\;\;\;}$

4. Say the word tangle. There is a [g] sound right after the $[\mathfrak{y}]$. Put an $X$ beside each word that has a [g] right after the $[\mathfrak{y}]$. There are four:

$& \text{finger} \underline{X} && \text{hungry} \underline{X} && \text{song} \underline{\;\;\;\;\;\;\;} \\& \text{being} \underline{\;\;\;\;\;\;\;} && \text{angle} \underline{X} && \text{language} \underline{X}$

5. In think the <k> spells [k], and $[\mathfrak{y}]$ is spelled <n>. And in tangle the <g> spells [g], and $[\mathfrak{y}]$ is spelled $\mathfrak{y}$. But in most words $[\mathfrak{y}]$ is spelled <ng>.

6. When there is a [k] or a [g] sound right after the sound $[\mathfrak{y}],[\mathfrak{y}]$ is spelled <n> but everywhere else it is spelled <ng>

Word Squares. All but two of these words contain the sound $[\mathfrak{y}]$, spelled either <ng> or <n>:

Four-letter word: dark

Five-letter words: thank, going, uncle, being

Six-letter words: finger, single, uncles, thinker

Seven-letter words: sunning, monkeys, further, dogging, landing

Eight-letter words: language, hungriest

The two words that do not contain $[\mathfrak{y}]$ are dark and further

Teaching Notes. The two different spellings of $[\mathfrak{y}]$ reflect a bit of language history: In Old English $[\mathfrak{y}]$ was not a separate sound; it was a variation of [n], the sound that [n] assumed before [k] or [g]. In Old English the spelling <ng> was always pronounced as two sounds: $[\mathfrak{y}g]$, the way it is in, say, single or finger. Over the centuries, because of all the words containing $[\mathfrak{y}]$ that were adopted from languages like French and Latin, $[\mathfrak{y}]$ evolved into a separate sound. Its spelling still reflects that Old English pattern. For more on $[\mathfrak{y}]$, see AES, pp. 435-38.

## Categories:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

## Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Apr 29, 2014
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