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# 4.11: The Consonant Sounds [w] and [y]

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## The Consonant Sounds [w] and [y]

1. You can hear [w] at the beginning of wet. You can hear [y] at the beginning of yet.

2. Underline the letters that spell [w] and [y] in these words:

\underline{w}arms\underline{w}immer\underline{y}ardbe\underline{y}ond\underline{y}ours\underline{w}omanre\underline{w}ind\underline{w}ords\underline{y}earlyto\underline{w}ardq\underline{u}ickt\underline{w}inning\underline{w}ould\underline{y}owlsq\underline{u}re\underline{y}oung\begin{align*}& \text{\underline{w}arm} && \text{\underline{y}ours} && \text{\underline{y}early} && \text{\underline{w}ould} \\ & \text{s\underline{w}immer} && \text{\underline{w}oman} && \text{to\underline{w}ard} && \text{\underline{y}owl} \\ & \text{\underline{y}ard} && \text{re\underline{w}ind} && \text{q\underline{u}ick} && \text{sq\underline{u}re} \\ & \text{be\underline{y}ond} && \text{\underline{w}ords} && \text{t\underline{w}inning} && \text{\underline{y}oung}\end{align*}

3. Sort the words into these groups:

Words with the sound ...
[w]: [y]:
warm quick yard
swimmer twinning beyond
woman would yours
rewind square yearly
words yowl
toward young

4. Sort the words with [w] into these two groups:

Words with [w] spelled ...
<w>: <u>:\begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>:\end{align*}
warm words quick
swimmer toward square
woman twinning
rewind would

5. In all six of the words that contain [y], the [y] sound is spelled <y>.

Word Scrambles. If you unscramble the letters in each of the words below and fit them into the boxes, you will spell five other words that all contain the sounds [w] or [y]. We have given you a start by filling in the letters that spell [w] or [y] in each of the words you are trying to spell:

rods - w o r d s

sour - y o u r s

moan - w o m a n

relay - y e a r l y

boned - b e y o n d

Teaching Notes. The letters <w> and <u>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>\end{align*}, which are the two major spellings of [w], and <y>, which is the major spellling of [y], are the three letters that are sometimes vowels and sometime consonants. When <w> and <u>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>\end{align*} spell [w], they are consonants, as is <y> when it spells [y]. You may want to return briefly to the discussion of <w>, <u>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>\end{align*}, and<y>; in Lessons 2 and 3 of Book 1 to review what is said there, especially for some of the complications with <w>. For more on [w], see AES, pp. 456-59; for more on [y], see pp. 459-60.

Item 2. In yearly the second <y> is spelling a vowel sound and is thus a vowel letter. In yowl the <y> is a consonant, but the <w> is part of the vowel digraph <ow> spelling the diphthong [ou] and is thus a vowel letter. In yours, would, and young <u>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>\end{align*} is a vowel.

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