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5.23: The Prefix Mis

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

The Prefix Mis

1. The twelve words below all contain the same prefix:

& \text{mislaid} && \text{mismatch} && \text{miscues} && \text{misshaped} \\& \text{misspell} && \text{misdeeds} && \text{misjudge} && \text{misunderstand} \\& \text{mistrust} && \text{mismanaged} && \text{misquote} && \text{mistreatment}

What is the prefix in these words? mis-.

2. Copy each of the twelve words into the table below and analyze it into its prefix and free stem, as we've done with misshaped:

Word = Prefix + Free Stem
misshaped = mis + shaped
misspell = mis + spell
mistrust = mis + trust
mismatch = mis + match
misdeeds = mis + deeds
mismanage = mis + manage
miscues = mis + cues
misjudge = mis + judge
misquote = mis + quote
mislaid = mis + laid
misunderstand = mis + understand
mistreatment = mis + treatment

3. Not all words that start with the letters<mis> contain the prefix mis-. Read over the following words carefully. Try taking the <mis> away from each of them. Among these words if after you take away the <mis>, you have a free stem left over, you know you have the prefix mis-. But if you do not have a free stem left over, you do not have the prefix mis-:

& \text{mislay} && \text{misery} && \text{mismanage} && \text{mission} \\& \text{misty} && \text{mismatches} && \text{misleading} && \text{mistake} \\& \text{misread} && \text{mister} && \text{missile} && \text{missed}

Sort the twelve words into these two groups:

Words that contain the prefix mis-: Words that do not contain the prefix mis-:
mislay misty
misread misery
mismatches mister
mismanage missile
misleading mission
mistake missed

4. Combine the following prefixes, free stems, and suffixes. Show any cases of twinning, final <e> deletion, and changes of <y> to <\mathrm{i}>:

Prefixes + Free Stems + Suffixes = Words
mis + shap\cancel{e}+ ed = misshaped
mis + judg\cancel{e}+ ed = misjudged
mis + tak\cancel{e}+ en = mistaken
re + mov\cancel{e}+ ing = removing
wrap + p + er = wrapper
quiz + z + ed = quizzed
un + tap + p + ed = untapped
if + f + y = iffy
un + decid\cancel{e}+ ed = undecided
in + n + ing = inning

5. Try some the other way around. Analyze the words below into prefixes, free stems, and suffixes:

Word = Prefix + Free Stem + Suffix
mistakes = mis + tak\cancel{e}+ s
refinishes = re + finish + es
unblinking = un + blink + ing
mishaps = mis + hap + s
removed = re + mov\cancel{e}+ ed
mismanaging = mis + manag\cancel{e}+ ing
untried = un + tr\cancel{y} + i + ed

Teaching Notes.

Item 4. The baseball term inning comes from the British game of cricket. An inning was a time “in” — that is, in from the field and at bat.

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Grades:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Last Modified:

Jan 26, 2015
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CK.ENG.ENG.TE.1.Basic-Speller.5.23

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