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6.10: Soft < c > and Silent Final < e >

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Soft <c> and Silent Final <e>

1. When the letter <c> has an <e>, <i>, or <y> right after it, it spells the sound [s] and is called soft <c>. Otherwise, it spells the sound [k]. and is called hard <c>.

2. Pronounce these words:

fabricarctrafficdemocraticmechanicmaniaccomicpriceignorancerejoicetwiceofficefiercesince

3. Do the words in the left column end with a hard <c> or with a soft <c>? hard<c> Do the words in the right column end with a hard <c> or with a soft <c>? soft <c> Why are the <c>’s in the right column soft <c>’s? Because they have an <e> following them . Why are the <c>’s in the left column hard <c>’s? Because they do not have <e>, <i>, or <y> following them .

4. One of the jobs of silent final <e> is to mark a <c> right before it as soft. In the words in the right column the final <e>’s are all marking <c>’s as being soft. But in two of the words in the right column the final <e> is also marking the preceding vowel as being long. Those two words are: price and twice .

6. So far you've seen two different jobs that final <e> can do: Final <e> can mark a preceding vowel as being long . Final <e> can mark a preceding <c> as being soft . And sometimes a final <e> can do both things at once.

Watch the Middles!

agriculture
BASE BASE SUFFIX
agri cult ure
agri cult ure
agri cult ure
agri cult ure
agriculture
democratic
BASE BASE SUFFIX
demo crat ic
demo crat ic
demo crat ic
demo crat ic
democratic
emergency
PREFIX BASE SUFFIX
e merge ency
e merge ency
e merge ency
e merge ency
emergency
election
PREFIX BASE SUFFIX
e lect ion
e lect ion
e lect ion
e lect ion
election

Teaching Notes. For more on the use of silent final <e> to mark soft <c>, see AES, p.146.

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1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5
Date Created:
Feb 23, 2012
Last Modified:
Jul 07, 2015
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