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6.14: Lesson Thirty-eight

Created by: CK-12

Soft <g> and Silent Final <e>

1. Pronounce these words:

&\text{waterlog} && \text{package}\\&\text{jog} && \text{challenge}\\&\text{beg} && \text{refuge}\\&\text{catalog} && \text{enrage}\\&\text{drug} && \text{discharge}\\&\text{earwig} && \text{discourage}\\&\text{zigzag} && \text{college}\\&\text{frog} && \text{urge}

2. Do the words in the left column end with soft <g> or with hard <g>? hard <g>

Do the words in the right column end with soft <g> or with hard <g>? soft <g>

Why are the <g>’s in the right column soft <g>'s? because they have an <e> followling them

Why are the <g>’s in the left column hard <g>'s? because they do not have an <e>, <i>, or <y> following them

3. In the words in the right column the final <e>'s are all marking preceding <g>'s as being soft. But in two of the words in the right column the final <e> is also marking the preceding vowel as being long. The two words are refuge and enrage

4. So far you've seen three different jobs that final <e> can do:

Final <e> can mark a preceding vowel as being long.

Final <e> can mark a preceding <c> as being soft (or pronounced [s] .

Final <e> can mark a preceding <g> as being soft (or pronounced [i] ).

And final <e> can mark both a long vowel and a soft <c> or <g> at the same time.

5. Sort the following words into the matrix below:

&\text{refuge} && \text{twice} && \text{lace} && \text{challenge} && \text{recognize}\\&\text{legislate} && \text{license} && \text{embrace} && \text{since}&& \text{urge}\\&\text{enrage} && \text{college} && \text{courage} && \text{charge} && \text{intelligence}\\&\text{ignorance} && \text{office}&& \text{civilize} && \text{expense} && \text{price}

Words in which final <e> . . .
marks a soft <c> or soft <g>: does not mark a soft <c> or soft <g>:
Words in which final <e> marks a long vowel

refuge

enrage

twice

lace

embrace

price

legislate

civilize

recognize

Words in which final <e> does not mark a long vowel

ignorance

college

office

courage

challenge

since

charge

urge

intelligence

license

expense

6. A silent final <e> will mark a <g> right in front of it as being soft — that is, as spelling the sound [i] .

Although not all <g>’s followed by an <e>,<\mathrm{i}>, or <y> are soft, all <g>'s followed by a silent final <e> are soft.

Word Venn. In circle A put only words that contain a hard <g>. In circle B put only words that contain a soft <g>. In circle C put only words that contain a silent final <e>.

&\text{catalog}\surd && \text{geography}\surd && \text{gypped}\surd && \text{office}\surd\\&\text{ignorance}\surd && \text{accept}\surd && \text{motor}\surd && \text{courage}\surd\\&\text{license}\surd && \text{garbage}\surd && \text{goddess}\surd && \text{generous}\surd

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1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Last Modified:

Apr 29, 2014
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CK.ENG.ENG.TE.1.Basic-Speller.6.14

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