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6.17: Lesson Forty-one

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Deleting Silent Final <e> in Longer Words

1. You have seen that a silent final <e> marks the vowel in front of it as long only if that vowel has strong stress. So the final <e> in a word like engine does not mark the \mathrm{ <i>} in front of it as long. But this is no problem for learning to delete silent final <e>:

A silent final <e> that does not mark a long vowel because the vowel has weak stress is deleted exactly like a silent final <e> that does mark a long vowel.

Analyze each word into its free stem and suffix. Replace any final <e>’s that have been deleted. Write 'Yes' or 'No' in the right hand column:

Word = Free Stem + Suffix Was final <e> deleted?
climatic = climat\cancel{e} + ic Yes
required = requir\cancel{e} + ed Yes
practicing = practic\cancel{e} + ing Yes
cultured = cultur\cancel{e} + ed Yes
serviced = servic\cancel{e} + ed Yes
surfacing = surfac\cancel{e} + ing Yes

2. Here are some to do the other way around. Combine the free stems and suffixes. Watch out for free stems that end with soft <c> or soft <g>.

Free Stem + Suffix = New Word Was a final <e> deleted?
remot\cancel{e} + est = remotest Yes
manag\cancel{e} + er = manager Yes
activ\cancel{e} + ist = activist Yes
offic\cancel{e} + er = officer Yes
manage + able = manageable No
active + ly = actively No
courage + ous = courageous No
orang\cancel{e} + y = orangy Yes
cultur\cancel{e} + al = cultural Yes
examin\cancel{e} + er = examiner Yes
passage + s = passages No
agricultur\cancel{e} + al = agricultural Yes
packag\cancel{e} + ed = packaged Yes
practic\cancel{e} + es = practices Yes
notice + able = noticeable No
servic\cancel{e} + ing = servicing Yes
encourag\cancel{e} + ing = encouraging Yes
notic\cancel{e} + ed = noticed Yes
licens\cancel{e} + es = licenses Yes

3. Now we can make our Silent Final <e> Deletion Rule more simple and strong:

Silent Final <e> Deletion Rule. You delete a silent final <e> that marks a soft <c> or a soft <g> when you add a suffix that starts with <e> , <\underline{i}>, or <y>; you delete any other silent final <e> whenever you add a suffix that starts with any vowel

Word Pyramids. Every word in this flat-topped Pyramid must contain a soft <c> or a soft <g>:

Every word in this Pyramid must contain a soft <c>:

Teaching Notes.

Pyramids. Package contains the following words with a soft <c> or soft <g>: 5-letters: apace, cages, paces, pages; 4-letters: cage, pace, page, aces, ages; 3-letters: ace, age. Service contains the following: 5-letters: rices, vices; 4-letters: ices, rice, vice; 3-letters: ice

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Feb 23, 2012

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Apr 29, 2014
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