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# 6.5: Review of Vowel Letters and Patterns

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Review of Vowel Letters and Patterns

1. The four letters that are always vowels are \begin{align*}\underline{}\end{align*}, <e>, \begin{align*}\underline{}\end{align*}, and <o>.

2. The three letters that are sometimes vowels and sometimes consonants are <y>, \begin{align*}\underline{}\end{align*}, and <w>.

3. The other nineteen letters that are always consonants are:\begin{align*}\underline{}\end{align*}, <c>, <d> , <f>, <g> , <h> , <j> , <k> , <l> , <m> , <n> , \begin{align*}\underline{

}\end{align*}

, <q> , <r>, \begin{align*}\underline{}\end{align*}, <t> , <v> , <x> , and <z> .

When is the letter <w> a consonant?

When is the letter <y> a consonant?

When is the letter \begin{align*}\end{align*}a consonant?

5. In each of the following words find the letter that is spelling the vowel sound with strong stress. Mark that letter \begin{align*}’ v’\end{align*}. Remember that in words with only one vowel sound, we assume that that vowel sound has strong stress. Then mark the next two letters after the stressed vowel, either \begin{align*}‘ v’\end{align*} or \begin{align*}‘c’\end{align*}. You should find two patterns among these words: VCC and VCV. We've done the first one for you:

\begin{align*}&\text{bandage} && \text{major} && \text{sense} && \text{opposite}\\ &\ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc} && \text{vcc}\\ \\ &\text{gate} && \text{missile} && \text{joking} && \text{kept}\\ &\ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc}\\ \\ &\text{fill} && \text{climate} && \text{dissolve} && \text{misty}\\ &\text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \quad \ \text{vcc} && \text{vcc}\\ \\ &\text{maniac} &&\text{gather} && \text{tiny} && \text{rise}\\ &\ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc} && \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcv}\\ \\ &\text{human} && \text{lady} && \text{victim} && \text{twice}\\ &\ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcv} && \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv}\end{align*}

Sort the words into these two groups:

Words with the pattern . . .
VCV VCC
maniac joking fill victim
human tiny missile opposite
major rise gather kept
climate twice sense misty

Word Changles. Changles combine Word Changes with Word Scrambles. Follow the directions carefully. Write the words you make in the column on the right. The shaded boxes will contain words that you worked with in Item 5 of this lesson.We’ve given you a start.

1. Write the word life. life
2. Change the <e> to <l> and scramble the letters. fill
3. Change <f> to <k>. Change <l>to <e>and scramble the letters. like
4. Change <l> to \begin{align*}<\mathrm{p}>\end{align*}.Change \begin{align*}<\mathrm{i}>\end{align*} to <t> and scramble the letters. kept
5. Change \begin{align*}<\mathrm{p}>\end{align*} to \begin{align*}<\mathrm{a}>\end{align*} and scramble the letters. take or teak
6. Change <k> to <g> and scramble the letters. gate

Teaching Notes.

Item 5. You might suggest that students who are fuddled by this exercise should go through the list of words first, just finding and marking the vowel with strong stress. Then they can go back and do the under-marking with \begin{align*}‘v’\end{align*} and \begin{align*}‘c’\end{align*}.

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