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# 7.24: The Sound [t] and the VCC Pattern

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## The Sound [t] and the VCC Pattern

1. These are the short and long vowel sounds:

Short Vowel Sounds Long Vowel Sounds
[a] as in mat [a¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{a}}]\end{align*} as in mate
[e] as in met [e¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{e}}]\end{align*} as in meet
[i] as in mitt [i¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{i}}]\end{align*} as in might
[o] as in cot [o¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{o}}]\end{align*} as in coat
[u] as in cut [u¯]\begin{align*}[\bar{\mathrm{u}}]\end{align*} as in coot
[u˙]\begin{align*}[\dot{\mathrm{u}}]\end{align*} as in cook [yu¯]\begin{align*}[\mathrm{y}\bar{\mathrm{u}}]\end{align*} as in cute

2. Earlier you saw that in the VCC pattern, the vowel will usually be short, and in the VCV pattern the first vowel will usually be long. Which word, later or latter, has a short first vowel? latter Which has a long first vowel? later Which has the VCC pattern for the first vowel? latter Which has the VCV pattern for the first vowel? later

3. In a word like latter with the VCC pattern the vowel will usually be short, and in a word like later with the VCV pattern the first vowel will usually be long.

4. Many words that are not compounds and do not contain twinning or assimilation still spell [t] <tt>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{tt}>\end{align*} because of the VCC pattern, just like latter - and bottom.

Mark the VCC pattern and identify the vowel sound you hear in front of the <tt>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{tt}>\end{align*} in each of the following words, as we have with bottom:

Word Vowel sound in front of the <tt>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{tt}>\end{align*}:

bottom

vcc

[o]

scatter

vcc

[a]

ghetto

vcc

[e]

lettuce

vcc

[e]

chatter

vcc

[a]

kitten

vcc

[i]

button

vcc

[u]

cotton

vcc

[o]

letter

vcc

[e]

pattern

vcc

[a]

butter

vcc

[u]

matter

vcc

[a]

bitter

vcc

[i]

motto

vcc

[o]

tattoo

vcc

[a]

symptom

vcc

[i]

5. Are the vowel sounds in front of the <tt>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{tt}>\end{align*} long or are they short? short

Teaching Notes.

Although the VCC pattern has a few holdouts - in words like haste, range, soldier, for instance - it is extremely reliable when the CC in question is <tt>\begin{align*}<\mathrm{tt}>\end{align*}, or any other double consonant other than <ll>. For more on the VCC pattern see AES, pp. 96-107.

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