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# 7.5: Lesson Five

Created by: CK-12

## The Suffix -ize

1. The suffix -ize turns stems into verbs. The suffix -ize is related to -ist in a special way:

capital capitalist capitalize
vocal vocalist vocalize
ideal idealist idealize

Many stems that add -ist to make a noun also add -ize to make a verb.

2. Analyze each of the following words into its shortest free stem plus suffix or suffixes. Show any changes.

Word = Free Stem + Suffix or Suffixes
rationalized = ration + al + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ed
rationalists = ration + al + ist + s
vaporizer = vapor + iz$\cancel{e}$ + er
criticizing = critic + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ing
capitalists = capital + ist + s
capitalize = capital + ize
naturalized = natur$\cancel{e}$ + al + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ed
naturalists = natur$\cancel{e}$ + al + ist + s
itemizing = item + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ing
realizing = real + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ing
realist = real + ist
characterizes = character + iz$\cancel{e}$ + es
civilized = civil + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ed
victimize = victim + ize
formalized = form + al + iz$\cancel{e}$ + ed
specialize = special + ize

3. Proofreading Quiz. The nine words in bold type in the following two paragraphs are misspelled. Find the mistakes and write in the correct spelling of each one:

a. The words gyp, gypsy, and Egypt are all related to one another $\overset{historically}{\cancel{\mathrm{historicaly}}}$. The word Egypt came first. It is a very old word that goes back to ancient Egyptian times.Then, five hunderd years ago when a lot of dark-$\overset{skinned}{\cancel{\mathrm{skined}}}$ people moved into Europe Egypt from Asia, many thought them to be from $\overset{Egypt}{\cancel{\mathrm{Egyp}}}$, so they were called gypsies. Then because many thought that gypsies often cheated people, their name was shortened to gypped stand for a certain kind of cheat: a gyp. Many people thought that gypsies $\overset{gypped}{\cancel{\mathrm{gyped}}}$ people.

b. The Greeks believed that there were nine goddesses who were in charge of the arts. These nine $\overset{artistic}{\cancel{\mathrm{artistick}}}$ $\overset{goddesses}{\cancel{\mathrm{godesses}}}$ were called muses. If you add the suffix -ic to the word muse, you get music: mus$\cancel{e}$ + ic = music. Music is the art of the muses. The same base muse is also in the word museum: mus$\cancel{e}$ + eum = museum. A museum was a place for the muses. So when you attend a $\overset{musical}{\cancel{\mathrm{musicall}}}$ concert or look at an exhibit in an art museum, you can thank the nine $\overset{Greek}{\cancel{\mathrm{Greke}}}$ muses.

Teaching Notes.

The suffix -ize is very common and still productive in English. British English often has -ise where American English has -ize, as in civilise vs. civilize..

## Subjects:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Feb 23, 2012

Sep 08, 2014