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9.21: Lesson Twenty-one

Created by: CK-12

The Suffix -ment

1. You have already worked with a suffix that changes verbs into nouns: the suffix -er, which adds the meaning “one that does” to the nouns it makes:

Verbs Nouns
teach teacher
burn burner
sing singer

2. Now we are going to work with another suffix that changes verbs into nouns, the suffix -ment:

Will they punish us for being late? (punish is a verb)

What will our punishment be? (punishment is a noun)

3. Analyze the following nouns into verb plus suffix:

Noun = Verb + Suffix
achievement = achieve + ment
acknowledgement = acknowledge + ment
excitement = excite + ment
disappointment = disappoint + ment
contentment = content + ment
government = govern + ment
improvement = improve + ment
pronouncement = pronounce + ment
accompaniment = accompan\cancel{y}+ i + ment
concealment = conceal + ment

4. Each of the following verbs can be turned into two different nouns, one with the suffix -er, one with the suffix -ment. Fill in the blanks, but be sure to show all changes:

Verb Verb + - er = Noun Verb + - ment = Noun
employ employ + er = employer employ + ment = employment
adjust adjust + er = adjuster adjust + ment = adjustment
refresh refresh + er = refresher refresh + ment = refreshment
settle settl\cancel{e} + er = settler settle + ment = settlement
develop develop + er = developer develop + ment = development

5. Each of the following nouns contains a verb, one or more suffixes and perhaps an extra prefix. Analyze each word and show any changes:

Words = Analysis
repayment = re + pay + ment
reinvestment = re + in + vest + ment
misjudgements = mis + judge + ment + s
appointments = a\cancel{d} + p + point + ment + s
nourishment = nourish + ment
misgovernment = mis + govern + ment
announcement = announce + ment
restatement = re + state + ment
indictments = indict + ment + s
assignment = a\cancel{d} + s + sign + ment
bewilderment = bewilder + ment
annulment = annul + ment
achievements = achieve + ment + s
unemployment = un + employ + ment

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. Nouns are first introduced in Book 2, Lesson 24, verbs in Book 3, Lesson 8.

Item 5. The verb vest is rare enough that I would be inclined to allow the analysis reinvestment = re + invest + ment , with the more common verb invest.

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Feb 23, 2012

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Apr 29, 2014
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CK.ENG.ENG.TE.1.Basic-Speller.9.21

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