# 1.24: Long and Short Vowel Patterns: VCV and VCC

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

1. Write the short vowel sounds. Remember the two short \begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>\end{align*} sounds. We've given you a start:

[a] [e] [i] [o] [u] \begin{align*}\underline{[\breve{oo}]}\end{align*}

2. Now write the long vowel sounds. Remember the two long \begin{align*}<\mathrm{u}>\end{align*} sound's:

\begin{align*}\underline{[\bar{a}]}\end{align*} \begin{align*}\underline{[\bar{e}]}\end{align*} \begin{align*}\underline{[\bar{i}]}\end{align*} \begin{align*}\underline{[\bar{o}]}\end{align*} \begin{align*}\underline{[\bar{oo}]}\end{align*} \begin{align*}\underline{[y\bar{oo}]}\end{align*}

3. Find the first vowel letter in each of the following words and mark it <v>. Then mark the next two letters. Mark consonant letters with a <c> and mark vowel letters with a <v>:

\begin{align*}&\text{mask} && \text{back} && \text{came} && \text{cube}\\ & \ \ \text{Vcc} && \ \ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcv} && \ \ \text{vcv} \\ \\ &\text{kicker} && \text{write} && \text{those} && \text{home} \\ &\ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcv} && \ \ \text{vcv} && \ \ \text{vcv}\\ \\ &\text{rented} && \text{scratched} && \text{left} && \text{these}\\ &\ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcv}\\ \\ &\text{bottle} && \text{still} && \text{rules} && \text{often}\\ &\ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \text{vcc}\end{align*}

4. Sort the words into these two groups:

Words with the pattern...
VCC VCV
kicker still came home
rented left those these
bottle often rules
back

5. Now sort the words into this matrix:

Words with VCC Words with VCV
Words with long vowels

write

came

those

rules

vowels

cube

home

these

Words with short vowels

kicker

rented

bottle

back

scratched

still left

often

6. Fill in the blanks with the words “long” or “short”: In the words in this matrix, the vowels in the pattern VCC are short, but in the pattern VCV the first vowels are long.

Word Find. The Find below is shaped like a VCV because each of the twenty words in it contains a long vowel in the VCV pattern:

\begin{align*}& \text{write} && \text{cube} && \text{hide} && \text{open} && \text{while}\\ &\text{same} && \text{home} && \text{make} && \text{close} && \text{like}\\ &\text{those} && \text{these} && \text{use} && \text{those} && \text{life}\\ &\text{rule} && \text{ride} && \text{music} && \text{whose} && \text{theme}\end{align*}

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