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2.1: Another Matrix with VCV and VCC

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

1. Listen carefully to the long and short vowel sounds in the following words. Then mark the first vowel letter in each word with a <v> and the next two letters after that either <v> or <c>:

& \text{famous} && \text{back } && \text{sister} && \text{these} \\& \ \text{vcv} && \ \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcv} \\\\& \text{think} && \text{finest} && \text{long} && \text{home} \\& \quad \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} \\\\& \text{dance} && \text{tuna} && \text{huge} && \text{music} \\& \ \ \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcv} && \ \ \text{vcv} \\\\& \text{system} && \text{while} && \text{which} && \text{region} \\& \ \text{vcc} && \quad \text{vcv} && \quad \text{vcc} && \ \text{vcv} \\\\& \text{rule} && \text{bottle} && \text{cube} && \text{simple} \\ & \ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc} && \ \ \text{vcv} && \ \text{vcc}

2. Sort the words into these two groups:

Words with ...
long vowels short vowels
famous cube think sister
rule these dance long
finest home system whick
tuna music back simple
while region bottle
huge

3. Now sort the words into this matrix:

Words with VCC Words with VCV
Words with long vowels

famous

rule

finest

tuna

while

huge

cube

these

home

music

region

Words with short vowels system

think

dance

system

back

back

bottle

sister

long

which

simple

4. In the pattern VCC the vowel is short, but in the pattern VCV the first vowel is long.

5. The long vowel sounds are \underline{[\bar {a}]}, \underline{[\bar {e}]}, \underline{[ \bar {i}]}, \underline{[\bar {o}]}, \underline{[\bar {oo}]}, and \underline{[y \bar {oo}]}.

6. The short vowel sounds are [a], [e], [i], [o], [u], and \underline{[\breve {oo}]}.

7. The four letters that are always vowels are \underline{<a>}, <e>, \underline{<i>}, and <o>.

8. Three letters that are sometimes vowels, sometimes consonants are <y>, \underline{<u>}, and <w>.

Teaching Notes.

1. In this and the preceding lesson the conclusions about VCC and VCV are stated as absolutes. The idea is to get the patterns firmly into the youngsters' heads in as uncluttered a form as possible. But in later lessons we will see that we need to modify these statements with an adverb like usually or regularly, since each of these patterns can be preempted by other more specific rules. For more on the VCC vs. VCV contrast, see AES, pp. 96-111; the entire discussion of VCC and VCV and (especially for VCV) their various preemptions takes up pp. 90-91 and 96-141.

It is quite possible that students will mention words that don't fit the VCV and VCC contrast — words like general with the VCV pattern (<ene>) but with a short vowel at the head or like roll or haste that have long vowels at the head of VCC patterns. Such students should be encouraged: To be able to find counter-examples demonstrates clearly that they have mastered the concept. Reassure them that most such cases can be explained and will be in later lessons. If you have access to AES, you might check the word index for the words brought up as exceptions. The chances are that the specific word the student has found, or one parallel to it, will be listed there.

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