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5.21: Lesson Twenty-one

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Practice with Schwa

1. All of the following words contain two vowel sounds, one of which is schwa. In each word mark the vowel sound that has strong stress, and then underline the letters that spell schwa, as we have done with cousin::

& \text{c}\acute{\text{o}}\text{us\underline{i}n} && \text{tr}\acute{\text{u}}\text{stf\underline{u}l} && \text{m}\acute{\text{i}}\text{ssi\underline{o}n} && \text{pl}\acute{\text{e}}\text{\underline{a}sant} \\& \text{h}\acute{\text{u}}\text{m\underline{a}n} && \text{s\underline{u}cc}\acute{\text{e}}\text{ed} && \text{s}\acute{\text{e}}\text{nt\underline{e}nce} && \text{s}\acute{\text{e}}\text{rg\underline{ea}nt} \\& \text{\underline{a}h}\acute{\text{e}}\text{ad} && \text{p}\acute{\text{u}}\text{rp\underline{o}se} && \text{th}\acute{\text{o}}\text{us\underline{a}nd} && \text{m}\acute{\text{o}}\text{unt\underline{ai}n} \\& \text{\underline{a}g}\acute{\text{a}}\text{inst} && \acute{\text{a}}\text{g\underline{e}nt} && \text{b}\acute{\text{u}}\text{tt\underline{o}ns} && \text{j}\acute{\text{e}}\text{al\underline{ou}s}

2. How many of the sixteen words have strong stress on the second vowel? 3 A word with two vowel sounds usually will have strong stress on the first one.

3. Now sort the sixteen words into these groups:

Words with [ə] spelled . . .
<\mathrm{a}> <e> <o> <\mathrm{u}>
human agent purpose trustful
ahead sentence buttons succeed
against
thousand
pleasant
The words with [ə] spelled . . .
<\mathrm{i}> <io> <ai> <ea> <ou>
cousin mission mountain sergeant jealous

4. The mark we use to show strong stress is called an acute accent. The word acute means “sharp” and comes from an old Latin word that meant “needle” — which is what an acute accent looks like. (The word cute comes from the word acute .)

Watch the Middles!

succeed
PREFIX BASE
suc ceed
suc ceed
suc ceed
succeed
trustful
BASE SUFFIX
trust ful
trust ful
trust ful
trustful
confront
PREFIX BASE
con front
con front
con front
confront
mountain
BASE SUFFIX
mount ain
mount ain
mount ain
mountain
agent
BASE SUFFIX
ag ent
ag ent
ag ent
agent
sergeant
BASE SUFFIX
serge ant
serge ant
serge ant
sergeant

Teaching Notes.

Middles. Confront originally meant “to stand in front of, to face”; the free base front originally meant “forehead.” In sergeant the bound base serge is closely related to the free base serve. A sergeant originally was a household servant.

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1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

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Apr 29, 2014
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