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Chapter 16: TE Plant Biology

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

(Opening image copyright Dudarev Mikhail, 2010. Used under license from Shutterstock.com.)

Plant Biology


Lesson 16.1: Plant Tissues and Growth

16.1.1 Plant Cells

  • Plant Cell Structures
  • Types of Plant Cells

16.1.2 Plant Tissues

  • Dermal Tissue
  • Ground Tissue
  • Vascular Tissue

16.1.3 Growth of Plants

Lesson 16.2: Plant Organs: Roots, Stems, and Leaves

16.2.1 Roots

  • Root Systems
  • Root Structures and Functions
  • Root Growth

16.2.2 Stems

  • Stem Diversity
  • Stem Tissues and Functions
  • Stem Growth

16.2.3 Leaves

  • Leaf Variation
  • Factories for Photosynthesis
  • Seasonal Changes in leaves

Lesson 16.3: Variation in Plant Life Cycles

16.3.1 General Plant Life Cycle

16.3.2 Life Cycle of Nonvascular Plants

16.3.3 Life Cycle of Seedless Vascular Plants

16.3.4 Life Cycle of Gymnosperms

16.3.5 Life Cycle of Angiosperms

Lesson 16.4: Plant Adaptations and Responses

16.4.1 Plant Adaptations

  • Adaptations to Water
  • Adaptations to Extreme Dryness
  • Adaptations to Air

16.4.2 Plant Responses

  • Plant Tropisms
  • Daily and Seasonal Responses
  • Responses to Disease
  • KQED: Plant Plague: Sudden Oak Death

Pacing the Lessons

Use the Class Periods per Lesson table below as a guide for the time required to teach the lessons of this chapter.

Lesson Number of Class Periods
16.1 Plant Tissues and Growth 1.0
16.2 Plant Organs: Roots, Stems, and Leaves 2.0
16.3 Variation in Plant Life Cycles 2.0
16.4 Plant Adaptations and Responses 1.0
  • Class periods are assumed to be 60 minutes long.

Online Resources

See the following Web sites for appropriate laboratory activities:

1. In this lab, students will investigate the process of transpiration and analyze the form and function of stomata. (Lesson 16.2)

2. This lab allows students to follow plant reproduction by planting Amaryllis bulbs and observing their development through the production of seeds. (Lesson 16.3)

3. In this lab, students will test the effects of different variables on the percent of seed germination. (Lesson 16.3)

4. The Roots of Desert Plants lab at this URL reinforces chapter concepts about plant adaptation. It is a guided inquiry lab that gives students experience handling plants and drawing what they observe. Optional statistical analysis exercises are also provided. (Lesson 16.4)

These Web sites may also be helpful:

1. This USDA database is a rich resource you can use to learn about native and invasive plants in your geographic area.

Chapter Outline

Chapter Summary

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