This chapter outlines the scientific method and the use of models. It also delineates the field of Earth science and describes several of its branches.
See the following Web sites for appropriate laboratory activities:
In this lab, students will learn the steps of the scientific method by identifying and applying each step to a fun activity that compares variables between two types of bubble gum. Students will be asked to form a hypothesis, collect and organize data, use scientific measurements, and differentiate between qualitative and quantitative data.
In this inquiry lab, students will use the scientific method to solve a problem. They will develop and test a hypothesis to answer the question: Does the number of times a pendulum swings depend on the weight attached to it or to the length of the string? The URL below is the teacher page for the activity. It has links to a student guide and handout.
These Web sites may also be helpful:
You can go the URL below for information on common student misconceptions about science and the scientific endeavor.
These URLs provide tips, strategies, and background for teaching high school students about the nature and process of science.
At this URL, you can find links to downloadable scientific method flowcharts that portray science inquiry as a dynamic process.
Pacing the Lessons
Class Period(s) (60 min)
1.1 The Nature of Science
1.2 Earth Science and Its Branches