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absolute moral beliefs
beliefs that do not change and will remain constant no matter what the situation.
abstain
to refrain from an activity by one's own choice.
abstract
difficult to understand.
adolescence
the period of life from puberty to maturity.
AIDS
(acquired immune deficiency syndrome) an STD caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). AIDS is the newest and most serious of all STDs.
antibodies
chemicals in the body produced by the body's immune system to fight foreign objects such as bacteria and viruses.
bodily fluids
fluids that are produced by various organs.
carrier
a person infected with a disease who is not sick, or does not show symptoms, but can pass the disease on to someone else.
child sexual abuse
when an adult or adolescent sexually interacts with a child in any way. To protect children, such acts are severely punished.
chlamydia
the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States, that often occurs at the same time as gonorrhea.
coercion
psychological pressure or the threat and use of physical force, in which case it becomes rape, to obtain sex.
commitment
a part of love that is more a thought process than an emotion, involving a decision to love someone, and to make a firm promise to remain loyal to that person.
companionate love
a type of love that is high in intimacy and commitment, but lower in passion than some other types of love.
compliance
doing whatever your spouse, lover, or friend asks of you regardless of your feelings.
compromise
a situation in which neither person gets everything he or she wants, but both get enough of what they want to accept the outcome.
concrete
something real.
consummate love
a form of love that combines all three elements-intimacy, passion, and commitment.
cooperation
people working together towards the same goal.
cultural factors
factors dealing with shared attitudes and values of a social group.
date rape
rape that occurs between two people who know each other or are friends.
diagnose
to name an illness, disease, or infection.
ejaculation
a discharge of semen from the penis.
epidemic
an outbreak of a disease.
erection
the hardening and enlarging of a penis caused by increased blood flow into the penis.
erotic cues
seeing, hearing, touching, or smelling something that arouses us sexually. Such sources of stimulation act as sexual triggers that “turn us on.”
estrus
a period of sexual attractiveness and responsiveness in the female animal that coincides with ovulation, or the release of an egg from the ovary, which is caused by the increased levels of female sex hormones.
genital herpes
blisters that can develop into sores usually appearing on the genital organs, caused by skin-to-skin contact.
genital warts
a viral STD that appear as growths in the skin on the genitalia.
gonorrhea
a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria, passed through intimate contact like intercourse.
heterosexual orientation
being romantically or sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex.
homosexual orientation
being romantically or sexually attracted to members of the same sex.
identity
our sense of who we are.
immune system
the body system that fights diseases.
incest
sexual interaction between members of the same family, such as a brother, sister, stepfather, aunt, uncle, grandparent, parent, or some other relation.
informed consent
an agreement based upon a true understanding of the situation.
intravenously
injecting a substance into veins.
masturbation
self-stimulation of the genitals.
microorganisms
relatively simple living organisms that are too small to be seen by the naked eye, typically bacteria or viruses.
moral beliefs
personal beliefs that tell us what is right or wrong in how we behave and strongly influence the decisions we make.
nocturnal orgasm
sexual excitement during dreams that leads to orgasm. (Nocturnal means nighttime.)
orgasm
the climax of sexual excitement.
passion
being sexually attracted to someone.
peer culture
behaviors and preferences of a group, such as ideas, ways of dressing and talking, as well as favorite music, food, and sports.
peer pressure
a powerful force placed on individuals by their peers.This force often works in very positive ways, but can also create a lot of anxiety. It can make you want to be someone you are not.
peers
friends and classmates in your own age group.
PID
(pelvic inflammatory disease) a disease among women that can cause sterility.
placenta
an organ in the uterus that allows the transfer of nutrients to and wastes from the developing fetus.
predominant
most common.
prevention
the act of keeping something from happening.
prostitution
the exchange of money or gifts for sex.
psychological factors
factors having to do with thoughts and feelings.
rape
the most extreme form of coercion that involves the threat or the actual use of violence to force another person into a sexual interaction.
relative moral principles
beliefs that don't judge behavior as such, but look at it in the light of circumstances.
secondary sexual characteristics
characteristics associated with puberty such as breast development among girls and facial hair and the changing of the voice among boys.
seduction
an act in which one person arouses sexual interest in another by various means. It may involve expressions of admiration and affection, or sweet-talking the partner into sex. Creating a romantic or erotic atmosphere (by music, soft lights, sexy clothing, and so on) may also be a part of the attempt to stimulate sexual arousal.
semen
whitish fluid of the male reproductive tract consisting of sperm.
sexual abuse
sexual exploitation of an individual. The most serious and damaging form of abuse is the sexual exploitation of children by adults, especially close relatives.
sexual dreams
a form of fantasy that occurs during sleep.
sexual drive
a drive motivates or directs an individual towards a specific goal. Thus, the sexual drive pushes or pulls us to become sexually interested and seek sexual fulfillment.
sexual fantasy
quick sexual thoughts that cross your mind or long drawn-out erotic daydreams.
sexual harassment
expressions of sexual interest that are unwanted or inappropriate, or that make one feel uncomfortable, offended, or threatened.
sexual identity
a sense of who you are sexually.
sexual intercourse
the moving of the penis in and out of the vagina.
sexual intimacy
one part of love that involves being close to a person and sharing private thoughts and feelings.
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
illnesses that are spread from one person to another through intimate sexual contact.
skin lesions
open sores on the skin.
socialization
becoming part of society by observing others' behaviors and values, learning about acceptable behaviors, ways of dressing, relationships, and determining where you fit into society.
solitary
alone or by oneself.
spermicides
a chemical used as a method of contraception, killing the sperm by breaking up the cell wall.
statutory rape
taking sexual advantage of a person who is not able to give consent, such as a person who is legally not yet an adult, a person who is mentally handicapped, or a person who is drunk and not in a position to make a choice.
sterility
inability to reproduce.
transfusions
blood given to someone for medical reasons.
vaginal lubrication
the process in which the inside of the vagina becomes wet as a result of becoming sexually aroused.
viruses
microorganisms that cannot be seen under an ordinary microscope.

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