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You are reading an older version of this FlexBook® textbook: CK-12 Texas Instruments Calculus Teacher's Edition Go to the latest version.

2.1: Modeling Data

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

This activity is intended to supplement Calculus, Chapter 1, Lesson 3.

ID: 12316

Time required: 20 minutes

Activity Overview

In this activity, students will graph data modeling exponential and logarithmic growth and find equations representing the data.

Topic: Modeling Growth

• Exponential Growth and Decay
• Compound Interest
• Logarithmic Growth

Teacher Preparation and Notes

• This activity can be used with the TI-83, 84, or 89. This supplement is geared towards the 83 and 84.
• Students should be aware of the compound interest formula in order to be able to find the growth of the exponential data given in Problem 1.
• Students should be aware of basic logarithms in order to determine the base of the log function for Problem 2.
• The lists $L1$ to $L6$ will need to be loaded into the student calculators before beginning this activity.

Associated Materials

Problem 1 – Exponential Growth

In this problem, students will graph data given in $L1$ and $L2$.

Students should determine an equation for the data using their knowledge of compound interest equations.

The equation is $y = 1000(1.04)^x$.

Students can plot the function to determine if it goes through the graphed points by pressing $Y=$ and entering the function.

Discussion Questions

• What variable should be on the horizontal axis? Vertical axis?
• How can you determine the interest rate for this growth?

Problem 2 – Logarithmic Growth

In this problem, students will graph data given on $L1$ and $L2$. Students should determine an equation for the data using the regression capabilities of the graphing calculator.

Note: to find $Y1$, press VARS, scroll over to Y-VARS, select 1:Function..., and select $1:Y1$.

The equation is $y = 8.6 \times 10^{-8} + 0.369 \times \ln x$.

Discussion Questions

• What variable should be on the horizontal axis? Vertical axis?

Extension Problem – Exponential Decay

In this problem, students will continue with the process in the first two problems. The given data represents exponential decay.

The equation is $y = 1250(0.85)^x$.

Discussion Questions

• What is the number of acres the farmer started with in year zero?
• By what percent does the amount of acres available decrease every year?

Feb 23, 2012

Nov 04, 2014