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Special Triangle Ratios

Ratios based on 45-45-90 and 30-60-90 triangles.

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Special Triangles

Lengths of Sides in an Isosceles Right Triangle

*Remember that the you can find out if the triangle is a right triangle using the Pythagoream Theorem*

Isosceles Right Triangle: An isosceles right triangle is a triangle with one angle equal to ninety degrees and each of the other two angles equal to forty five degrees.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0


a^2 + a^2 & = c^2\\2a^2 & = c^2\\\sqrt{2a^2} & = \sqrt{c^2}\\a\sqrt{2} & = c

Relationship of Sides in a 30-60-90 Triangle

30-60-90 Triangle: A 30-60-90 Triangle: is a triangle with one angle equal to ninety degrees, one angle equal to thirty degrees, and one angle equal to sixty degrees.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0


s^2 + h^2 & = (2s)^2\\s^2 + h^2 & = 4s^2\\h^2 & = 3s^2\\h & = s\sqrt{3}

Special Triangle Ratios

Special Triangle: A special triangle is a triangle that has particular internal angles that cause the sides to have a certain length relationship with each other. 

What are some special triangles that can be identified?

The ratio of the sides of an isosceles right triangle is x:x:x\sqrt{2}

The ratio of the sides of a 30-60-90 right triangle is x:x\sqrt{3}:2x

Image Attributions

  1. [1]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0
  2. [2]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0

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