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SOS & SJA Earth Science 2013-2014

Difficulty Level: Advanced Created by: Melinda Mericle
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Table of Contents

  • 1.

    The World of Science

    An introduction to scientific investigation and the scope of physical science.

  • 2.

    HS What is Earth Science?

    This chapter covers the scientific method and the various branches of Earth science.

  • 3.

    Metric Units

    The metric system is the most widely used system of measurement in the world. It is a more universal measurement standard as compared to the customary system used in the United States.

  • 4.


    Metric to metric conversions

  • 5.

    Metric to English and English to Metric Conversions

    To make sense of our data, we must be certain that we are using the correct system of measurement, or make the necessary conversions.

  • 6.

    HS Observing and Exploring Space

    This chapter begins with a discussion of electromagnetic radiation, types of telescopes, and ways of gathering information from our universe. Information about recent and current space exploration concludes this chapter.

  • 7.

    HS Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe

    This chapter covers constellations, how stars produce light and energy, classification of stars, and stellar evolution. Groupings of stars, types of galaxies, dark matter, dark energy, and the Big Bang Theory are also included.

  • 8.

    HS Earth, Moon, and Sun

    This chapter discusses the basic properties and motions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun, including information about tides and eclipses. Discussion includes information about the Sun's layers and solar activity.

  • 9.

    HS The Solar System

    This chapter covers the motion of the planets, formation of our solar system, plus characteristics and properties of the inner and outer planets, as well as dwarf planets, meteors, asteroids, and comets.

  • 10.

    Waves - Physical Science

    Description of waves, including their characteristics, measurement, and properties.

  • 11.

    Electromagnetic Radiation

    A chapter about electromagnetic waves, including their properties and sources, an explanation of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 12.

    Visible Light

    An explanation of the properties of light, including reflection, refraction, and how vision works.

  • 13.


    Information about sound, including how to hear it and produce it.

  • 14.


    A discussion of motion and related concepts, such as distance, speed, velocity, and acceleration.

  • 15.

    Inside Earth

  • 16.


    An explanation of forces and types of forces, including friction, gravity, and elastic force

  • 17.

    Newton's Laws of Motion

    An explanation of Newton's Laws, including the Law of Inertia, the relationship between force and acceleration, and the principle of equal and opposite forces.

  • 18.

    Work and Machines

    Information about simple and compound machines, including types of machines, work, efficiency, and mechanical advantage.

  • 19.

    Introduction to Energy

    An explanation of energy, its forms, conservation laws, and the available energy resources.

  • 20.

    HS Earth's Energy

    This chapter discusses available nonrenewable and renewable resources, including resources such as fossil fuels, nuclear energy and solar, wind and water power.

  • 21.

    Nuclear Chemistry

    An introduction to radioactivity and associated processes, including decay and producing nuclear energy.

  • 22.

    HS Human Actions and Earth's Resources

    This chapter considers human use of renewable and nonrenewable resources, availability and conservation of resources, as well as ways to conserve energy and use energy more efficiently.

  • 23.

    HS Plate Tectonics

    This chapter covers properties of Earth's interior, continental drift, seafloor spreading, theories of plate tectonic movement, plate boundaries, and landforms.

  • 24.

    HS Earthquakes

    The chapter begins with discussion of stresses on rocks and mountain building. Understanding the causes of earthquakes, seismic waves, tsunami and ways to predict earthquakes are followed by information about staying safe during an earthquake.

  • 25.

    HS Volcanoes

    The chapter considers how and where volcanoes form, types of magma and consequent types of eruptions, as well as different volcanic landforms associated with each.

  • 26.

    Magnetism - Physical Science

    A presentation of magnetism, including magnetic materials, and the Earth's magnetic behavior.

  • 27.

    Electromagnetism - Physical Science

    Information about the connection between electricity and magnetism, and technological applications of electromagnetism.

  • 28.

    Electricity - Physical Science

    Information about electricity, including current, resistance, and circuits.

  • 29.

    HS Studying Earth’s Surface

    This chapter informs students about different types of landforms on Earth, map projections, and the use of computers and satellites to study and understand Earth's surface.

  • 30.

    Virginia's Physiographic Provinces

    A physiographic province is a landform region, an area delineated according to similar terrain that has been shaped by a common geologic history. The State of Virginia is divided into five physiographic provinces: Coastal Plain, Piedmont Plateau, Blue Ridge, Valley and Ridge and the Appalachian Plateau

  • 31.

    HS Earth's Minerals

    This chapter covers types of minerals and how they form, how to identify minerals using their physical properties as well as the various ways minerals form and are used as resources.

  • 32.

    HS Rocks

    This chapter discusses the rock cycle and each of the three major types of rocks that form on Earth. Separate sections cover igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks individually.

  • 33.

    HS Weathering and Formation of Soil

    This chapter begins with a discussion of mechanical and chemical weathering of rock. These concepts are applied to the formation of soil, soil horizons, and different climates related soils.

  • 34.

    HS Erosion and Deposition

    Erosion and Deposition considers how these processes shape Earth's surface through the actions of rivers, streams, ground water, wind, waves, glaciers, and gravity.

  • 35.

    HS Human Actions and the Land

    This chapter discusses causes and prevention of soil erosion, as well as ways that humans have polluted our land surface with hazardous materials, and what can be done to prevent this type of pollution.

  • 36.

    HS Evidence About Earth's Past

    This chapter discusses different modes of fossilization, correlation of rock units using relative age dating methods, and absolute age dating of rocks.

  • 37.

    HS Earth's History

    This chapter discusses the geologic time scale, the development of Earth from early in its history through today, and the evolution of life on Earth.

  • 38.

    HS Earth's Atmosphere

    This chapter covers the properties, significance, and layers of the Earth’s atmosphere, how energy transfers within our atmosphere, and movement of air throughout our atmosphere and over the Earth’s surface.

  • 39.

    HS Weather

    This chapter considers various factors of weather, cloud types, movement of air masses, and the development of different types of storms. Discussion concludes with weather forecasting using various tools, maps, and models.

  • 40.

    HS Climate

    The chapter considers how the different factors of Earth's dynamic surface affect climate, the different climates found worldwide, and the causes and impacts of climate change.

  • 41.

    HS Human Actions and the Atmosphere

    This chapter discusses types of air pollution and their causes, the effects of air pollution, and ways to reduce air pollution.

  • 42.

    HS Earth's Fresh Water

    This chapter considers the water cycle and develops student understanding of our lakes, rivers, streams, and ground water.

  • 43.

    HS Earth's Oceans

    This chapter discusses how Earth's oceans were formed, the composition of ocean water, as well as the action of waves and tides. Discussion continues with descriptions of the various areas of the seafloor and types of ocean life.

  • 44.

    HS Human Actions and Earth's Waters

    This chapter discusses many ways that water is used, the distribution of water on Earth, as well as types and sources of water pollution, and ways to protect our precious water supplies.

  • 45.

    HS Earth Science Glossary

    Earth Science - High school book glossary.

  • 46.

    Physical Science Glossary

    Physical Science Flexbook glossary

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Difficulty Level:
8 , 9
Date Created:
Jul 26, 2012
Last Modified:
Jun 19, 2013
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