• Biodiversity refers to the variety of life and its processes.
  • Scientists have identified about 1.9 million species alive today.
  • They are divided into the six kingdoms of life.
  • Scientists are still discovering new species.
  • Most estimates range from 5 to 30 million species.
  • The term 'biodiversity' was coined by Aldo Leopold, considered the father of modern ecology, in 1948.
  • The concept of biodiversity did not become a vital component of biology and political science until nearly 40 years after Aldo's death.
  • It is the many different kinds of life (bio-)
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