• HIV is transmitted through direct contact of mucous membranes or body fluids such as blood, semen, or breast milk.
  • HIV is able to evade the immune system and keep destroying T cells.
  • Medicines can slow down the virus but not get rid of it, so there is no cure at present for HIV infections or AIDS.
  • There is no vaccine to immunize people against HIV infection, but scientists are working to develop one.
  • The number of people in different countries with HIV infections and AIDS is higher in the U.S. than in Africa.
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