• In vascular plants, the sporophyte generation is dominant.
  • Sporangia produce spores that develop into tiny, heart-shaped gametophytes.
  • Antheridia produce sperm with many cilia; archegonia produce eggs.
  • Fertilization occurs when sperm swim to an egg inside an archegonium.
  • The resulting zygote develops into an embryo that becomes a new sporophyter plant.
  • Then the cycle repeats.
  • Create your own cycle diagram to represent the life cycle of a fern.
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