• Meiosis is a type of cell division in which the number of chromosomes is reduced by half.
  • During meiosis, homologous chromosomes separate, and haploid cells form that have only one chromosome from each pair.
  • Two cell divisions occur during meiosis.
  • The two cell divisions are called meiosis I and meiosis II.
  • This process not only helps produce gametes, it also ensures genetic variation.
  • The flowchart in Figure below shows what happens in both meiosisI and II.
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