Flexi Says: Two distinct layers make up the skin: the epidermis and the dermis. A fatty layer, called subcutaneous tissue or hypodermis (below skin), lies under the dermis, but it is not considered to be part of your skin. The epidermis provides an outer layer of protection and also contains melanocytes, which protect the body against UV rays. The dermis contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and blood vessels. The hypodermis is not considered part of your skin, but its main purpose is to attach the skin to underlying bone and muscle as well as to supply the skin with blood vessels and nerves.