• An alcohol is an organic compound that contains one or more hydroxyl (−OH) groups.
  • The general formula for alcohols is R−OH.
  • The –OH group in an alcohol is covalently bonded to a carbon atom and does not ionize in solution.
  • The steps for naming alcohols are listed below.
  • The smallest and lightest alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol) are completely soluble in water in all proportions.
  • The presence of hydrogen bonds in alcohols also explains the relatively high boiling points of alcohols compared to alkanes of similar molar mass.
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