Flexi Says: Elements in group 2 of the periodic table are called alkaline earth metals. The elements in this group are beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium. They are silvery or gray in color. They are also relatively soft and low in density. These metals form oxides and hydroxides, which are alkaline or basic. Moreover, these metals are extracted from minerals found in the earth's crust. Therefore they are called alkaline earth metals.