• Carbohydrates are monomers and polymers of aldehydes and ketones that have multiple hydroxyl groups attached.
  • The term carbohydrate comes from the fact that the majority contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of 1:2:1.
  • Glucose is abundant in many plant sources and makes up sweetners such as corn sugar or grape sugar.
  • Fructose occurs in a great many fruits and is also found in honey.
  • Ribose and deoxyribose are two pentoses that are components of the structures of DNA and RNA.
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