• The process of protein synthesis is summarized in the diagram below.
  • DNA produces an RNA template which directs the amino acids to be introduced into the growing protein chain in the proper sequence.
  • Amino acids are added to the growing peptide chain at a rate of about 3-5 amino acids per second.
  • A small protein (100-200 amino acids) can be produced in a minute or less.
  • The process of amino acid assembly takes place in the ribosome.
  • This structure consists of two subunits containing ribosomal RNA that enclose the mRNA.
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