• A wetland is an area that is covered with water, or at least has very soggy soil, during all or part of the year.
  • Types of wetlands include marshes, swamps, and bogs.
  • Some of Earth’s freshwater is found in wetlands.
  • Wetlands purify water.
  • They filter sediments and toxins from runoff before it enters rivers, lakes, and oceans.
  • During hurricanes and other extreme weather, wetlands reduce the risk of floods.
  • Some species of plants thrive in wetlands, and they are rich ecosystems.
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