• Latitude is the distance north or south of the Equator.
  • It is measured in degrees, from 0 to 90.
  • At the Equator, the Sun s rays are most direct.
  • At higher latitudes, the Sun s rays are less direct.
  • At the poles, the Sun s rays are least direct.
  • Much of the area is covered with ice and snow.
  • Temperatures are lowest here.
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