• Polar climates are found near the North and South Poles.
  • They also occur on high mountains at lower latitudes.
  • The summers are very cool, and the winters are frigid.
  • Tundra climates have permafrost.
  • Permafrost is a layer of ground below the surface that is always frozen, even in the summer.
  • Only small plants, such as mosses, can grow in this climate.
  • The alpine tundra climate occurs at high altitudes at any latitude.
  • They are very cold because they are so far above sea level.
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