Flexi Says: Ice wedging happens because water expands as it goes from liquid to solid. When the temperature is warm, water works its way into cracks in the rock. When the temperature cools below freezing, the water turns to ice and expands. The ice takes up more space. Over time, this wedges the rock apart. Ice wedging is very effective at weathering. You can find large piles of broken rock at the base of a slope. These rocks were broken up by ice wedging. Once loose, they tumbled down the slope.