Flexi Says: Soil formation requires weathering. Where there is less weathering, soils are thinner. However, soluble minerals may be present. Where there is intense weathering, soils may be thick. Minerals and nutrients would have been washed out. About half of most soils are inorganic materials, such as the products of weathered rock, including pebbles, sand, silt, and clay particles. The sandy soil shows evidence of very little organic activity. Plants grow, but are far apart and short-lived. This means that little soil can form. The soil that's there has little organic content.