• Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system fails to recognize the body’s own molecules as “self,” or belonging to the person.
  • There are more than 80 known autoimmune diseases.
  • The type of autoimmune disorder depends on the type of body tissue that is affected.
  • These diseases cannot be cured, although they can be treated to relieve symptoms and prevent some of the long-term damage they cause.
  • Some relatively common autoimmune diseases are listed in Table below.
  • They include rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, Multiple Sclerosis and rheumatic fever.
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