Flexi Says: Protein synthesis is a continuous process in a cell while DNA replication occurs only when cell is undergoing division. Before cell division in interphase of the eukaryotic cell cycle that can be subdivided into the following three phases: Growth Phase 1 (G1): during this phase, the cell grows rapidly, while performing routine metabolic processes. It also makes proteins needed for DNA replication and copies some of its organelles in preparation for cell division. This phase is sometimes referred to as Gap 1. Synthesis Phase (S): during this phase, the cell’s DNA is copied in the process of DNA replication. Growth Phase 2 (G2): during this phase, the cell makes final preparations to divide. For example, it makes additional proteins and organelles. This phase is sometimes referred to as Gap 2.