• Cell division is the process in which one cell, called the parent cell, divides to form two new cells, referred to as daughter cells.
  • How this happens depends on whether the cell is prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
  • Prokaryosis cells divide by the process of binary fission.
  • Eukaryotes divide by two steps: mitosis and cytokinesis.
  • The two daughter cells that result are genetically identical to each other and to the parent cells.
  • This is also how many single-celled organisms reproduce.
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