• Plant and animal cells differ in that plants have a large central vacuole, while animals have smaller vacuoles.
  • Plant cells also have cell walls and plastids, while animal cells do not.
  • Chloroplasts are needed for photosynthesis, leucoplasts can store starch or oil, and brightly colored chromoplasts give some flowers and fruits their yellow, orange, or red color.
  • No animal or fungi can photosynthesize, and only some protists are able to.
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