Earth Science

Geological Activity from Plate Tectonics Processes

Staying Safe in an Earthquake

Study Tip
Making sure your home is earthquake-safe could save your life.

Before the Earthquake

  • Have an engineer make sure that the walls, floors, and roofs in your home are well attached.
  • Make sure heavy objects are not in high places. Secure heavy furniture, and brace your roof with chimney bricks.
  • Use fluorescent light bulbs to lessen fire risks. Use flexible gas lines, and make sure everyone knows how to turn them off.
  • Prepare a supply kit with batteries, food, water, and a radio. Prepare flashlights, first-aid kits, and fire extinguishers.
  • Plan on how to evacuate without driving on roads, since most are usually destroyed after an earthquake.
Study Tip
Making sure your home is earthquake-safe could save your life.
Study Tip
The same way a person may cast a shadow over another person when they stand under the sun, planets or celestial bodies that have aligned themselves cast shadows over one another as well.
Protect head during an earthquake
During an earthquake, find cover and protect your head.

During the Earthquake

  • If you are in a building, get under a strong table and cover your head. Stay away from windows, mirrors, and large furniture. If the building is unstable, get out.
  • If you are outside, run to an open area, away from buildings and power lines.
  • If you are in a car, stay away from buildings, bridges, and overpasses.

After the Earthquake

  • Be aware of the aftershocks and landslides that earthquakes can cause.
  • Turn off the water and power to your home.
  • Only use your phone for emergencies, since many people will be using the phone lines.
  • Stay calm and wait for instructions. Help others if possible.
Concept Check
  • What are the things you can do to prepare for an earthquake?
  • What should you do if you experience an earthquake?
  • After an earthquake occurs, what should you do?